Angus, SimAngus™, Brangus, and Charolais breeds
SimAngusTM refers to cattle with the following characteristics: the animal is at least ¼ Simmental and ¼ Angus or Red Angus and no more than ¾ Simmental or no more than ¾ Angus or Red Angus; the animal’s parents are both registered in the database of the American Simmental Association; and the sum of Simmental and Angus or Red Angus blood in the animal is at least ¾.
According to data from the USDA’s Meat Animal Research Center Report 22, SimAngus progeny ranked first in calving ease, weaning weight, percent choice, carcass weight, pounds post gain, feed efficiency by weight gain, percent puberty, maternal calving ease, and feed efficiency by marbling over all other continental breeds. In the same report, they also ranked first in calving ease, weaning weight, carcass weight, post wean gain, pounds of real product, shear force and feed efficiency by marbling and maternal weaning weight over all British breeds. The SimAngus™ breed is genetically engineered toward efficient, economical production of tender, lean, palatable beef – the product in demand by consumers today.
Simmental Origin: Switzerland
Crossbreed: United States
The function of crossbreeding is to maximize heterosis, or hybrid vigor, but it is important to utilize breeds whose genetics will compliment each other. SimAngusTM is the convenient way to capture heterosis and value. This crossbreeding system has the ideal balance of maternal and carcass traits. No two breeds offer more commitment to profitability.
The American Angus Association is the largest breed organization in the country with 320,362 new cattle registrations in 2015 FY. Angus are known for their solid black hide color, high quality genetics, maternal instincts, milking capabilities and high fertility. The Angus breed has an advantage over others by offering a large database of genetic information, allowing for greater predictability of progeny performance in registered cattle.
Great selection pressure has been placed on the Angus breed to produce superior carcass characteristics for quality and yield. This consistency of improved genetic merit, performance and carcass characteristics often translates to a higher perceived value at the time of market for black-hided commercial cattle expressing characteristics of the Angus breed.
The increased use on the range indicates that the cows have performed well under a variety of environmental conditions. Their ability to walk, graze aggressively in warm weather, withstand reasonable cold, and raise heavy calves has drawn special praise from many that have them. Bulls have developed a well-earned reputation when used in grading-up for herd improvement. This is especially noted when they are used in herds where size and ruggedness are lacking.
The Charolais originated in west-central to southeastern France, in the old French provinces of Charolles and neighboring Nievre. It has been said that no other breed has impacted the North American beef industry so significantly as the introduction of Charolais. The Charolais came into widespread use in the United States cattle industry at a time when producers were seeking larger framed, heavier cattle than the traditional British breeds. The increased use on the range indicates that the cows have performed well under a variety of environmental conditions. Their ability to walk, graze aggressively in warm weather, withstand reasonable cold, and raise heavy calves has drawn special praise from many that have them. Bulls have developed a well-earned reputation when used in grading-up for herd improvement. This is especially noted when they are used in herds where size and ruggedness are lacking.
Origin: United States
The Brangus breed was developed to utilize the superior traits of Angus and Brahman cattle. Their genetics are stabilized at 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Angus. The Brahman, through rigorous natural selection, developed longevity, disease resistance and overall hardiness unmatched by any breed. The Angus is the premier beef quality breed.
The combination results in a breed that unites the most desirable traits of two highly successful breeds. The outstanding maternal strengths, feedlot performance, and carcass merit of Brangus are advantageous primarily in the West and Midwest. This naturally polled, black hide breed was developed to withstand extreme climates and challenging environments. They are a hardy, disease and parasite resistant cattle that efficiently produce uniform, predictable calf crops. Characteristics include adaptability to harsh climates, docile, disease resistant, heat tolerant, maternal strengths, calving ease, Bos Indicus heterosis, and longevity.
American Angus Association, http://www.angus.org/pub/faqs.aspx
American Angus Association. ANGUS Advantages. http://www.angus.org/Pub/Advan.pdf
University of Arkansas System, Division of Agriculture and Extension. Improving Value of Feeder Cattle. https://www.uaex.edu/publications/PDF/FSA-3056.pdf
Oklahoma State University, http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/cattle/brangus/
Oklahoma State University, http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/cattle/charolais/
American Simmental Association, http://simmental.org/site/index.php/simangus